The Human Rights Institute for peace and freedom believes in working preventively within the context of possible future human rights violations. As stated by the United Nations: 

The most effective way to diminish human suffering and the massive economic costs of conflicts and their aftermath is to prevent conflicts in the first place”.  

Diplomacy and mediation are tools constantly used by the international community and promoted by the United Nations in order to solve international conflicts which can escalate and conclude disastrously for entire countries and more important, for the civilians. 

The civilian population has always been vastly affected when military conflicts emerge in every single region of the world. Consequently, human rights are systematically, constantly and massively violated in such conflicts. As an organization that works preventively to defend and promote human rights, the HRI condemns the countries’ representatives for any further escalation of the ongoing conflict. 

The diplomatic relation has not been positive between the two states since the Iranian revolution of 1979 and the overthrow of U.S-backed Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In 2018, U.S President Donald Trump abandons the P5+1 nuclear deal and sanctions the country. Finally, since 2019, there has been a rising tension between the nations and on January 3rd, 2020, Iran’s military commander Qasem Soleimani is killed in Iraq by a U.S drone. As a response Iran carried out a ballistic missile attack on U.S military bases in Iraq. 

As clearly seen, the diplomatic tension has degraded throughout the years and currently, the conflict is escalating to military attacks. The HRI condemns the lack and incapacity of good diplomatic offices and representatives between the two nations and urges the same tools for peace to be properly and accordingly used for this conflict to settle in peaceful terms.  

As stated under Chapter VII of the U.N Charter, the Security Council of the United Nations must lead the path and methods of peaceful settlement between both nations after the threat is determined. From behalf of the HRI, we urge the permanent members of the Security Council to address immediately and with firmness the situation.